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2008年12月英语四级听力

Short Conversations

11.M: I just received an Email from one of my former classmates. I was surprised, I hadn’t heard from him for ages.

W: Well, I’ve been out of touch with most of my old friends, only one or two still drop me a line occasionally,

Q: What does the woman mean?

A) Only true friendship can last long.

B) Letter writing is going out of style.

C) she keeps in regular touch with her classmates.

D) She has lost contact with most of her old friends.

12. M: If you can make up your mind about the color, I can start on the outside of your house early next week.

W: Well, right now I think I want white for the window frames and yellow for the walls, but I’ll let you know tomorrow.

Q: Who is the woman talking to?

A)A painter.

B) A porter.

C) A mechanic.

D) A carpenter.

13. W: Excuse me, do you have any apartments available for under 500 dollars a month? I need to move in next week when my new job starts.

M: The only vacant one I have is 600 dollars, have you inquired at the apartment complex down the street?

Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?

A) Look for a place near her office.

B) Find a new job down the street.

C) Make inquiries elsewhere.

D) Kent the $600 apartment.

14. W: You bought a pair of jeans yesterday, didn’t you? What are they like?

M: Oh, they are pretty much like my other ones, except with a larger waist. I guess I haven’t spent much time exercising lately.

Q: What can we infer from the conversation about the man?

A) He prefers to wear jeans with a larger waist.

B) He has been extremely busy recently

C) He has gained some weight lately.

D) He enjoyed going shopping with Jane yesterday.

15. W: I really like those abstract paintings we saw yesterday. What do you think?

M: I guess it’s something I haven’t acquired a taste for yet.

Q: What does the man imply?

A) The woman possesses a natural talent for an.

B) Women have a better artistic taste than men.

C) He isn't good at abstract thinking.

D) He doesn't like abstract paintings.

16. W: You haven’t seen a blue notebook, have you? I hope I didn’t leave it in the reading room.

M: Did you check that pile of journals you’ve borrowed from the library the other day?

Q: What is the man trying to say to the woman?

A) She couldn't have left her notebook in the library.

B) She may have put her notebook amid the journals.

C) She should have made careful notes while doing reading.

D)she shouldn't have read his notes without his knowing it.

17. M: How about joining me for a cup of coffee?

W: I’d love to, but I’m exhausted. I was up till 3 this morning, writing a paper for my literature class.

Q: Why does the woman decline the man’s invitation?

A) She wants to gel some sleep.

B) She needs time to write a paper.

C)She has a literature class to attend.

D)She is troubled by her sleep problem.

18. W: You had a job interview yesterday, didn’t you? How did it go?

M: Not too bad, I guess. There were about 20 candidates competing for the sales manager’s job. And finally it was down to three of us, but the other two seemed better qualified.

Q: What does the man imply?

A) He is confident he will get the job.

B) His chance of getting the job is slim

C) It isn't easy to find a quaiified sales manager.

D)The interview didn't go as well as he expected.

参考答案

11.D. She has lost contact with most of her friends

12.A. A painter

13.C. Make inquiries elsewhere

14.C. He has gained some weight lately

15.D. he doesn’t like abstract paintings

16.B .she may have put her notebook amid the journals

17.A .she wants to get some sleep

18.B .his chance of getting the job is slim

听力长对话1

F: Simon, how does it feel to be retired?

M: Well, not so bad.

F: How have you been spending your time?

M: I have been spending more time with my family. I’ve also travelled a bit, you know, off season when everywhere is less crowded and hotels cost less.

F: Great.

M: You know I haven’t stopped work completely.

F: Yes, could you tell us more about this?

M: I’m on a scheme that’s called phased retirement; I had a six-month break from work, after that I could apply for project work with the company I used to work for.

F: How does the scheme work?

M: Well, it’s a trial at the moment. Instead of hiring temporary stuff, the company advertises posts on its website that retired employees like myself can access.

F: What sort of works advertised?

M: Well, all sorts of things, really. Administrative work and more specialized work, the sort of thing I can do. Some of the projects can last five or six months, and others can just be a couple of days. I can decide more or less when to work. So I can manage my own time.

F: I can see it’s good for you. What is your company get out of this?

M: Well, I still have all my old contacts at work, so I know who to contact to get something done. The company gets flexibility, too. Once the job’s over, that’s it. I’m not on their books any more.

Questions 19-21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. Why does Simon find his retired life enjoyable?

20. How does Simon get to know about the company’s available posts?

21. Why does the company adopt the phased retirement scheme?

参考答案:

19.A) He can manage his time more flexibly.

B) He can renew contact with his old friends.

C) He can concentrate on his own projects.

D) He can learn to do administrative work.

答案:A

20.A) Reading its ads in the newspapers.

B) Calling its personnel department.

C) Contacting its manager.

D) Searching its website.

答案:D

21.A) To cut down its production expenses.

B) To solve the problem of staff shortage.

C) To improve its administratve efficiency.

D) To utilize its retired employees' resources.

答案:D

长对话2

W: Oh, where are we going?

M: I want to show you something.

W: I know, but what is it?

M: A farm. It’s just down this road. It’s a small place, but at least it would be our own.

W: A farm? How can we afford to buy a farm?

M: It isn’t very large, only 40 acres. We wouldn’t have to pay very much right now.

W: Is there a house on the place?

M: A small one, two bedrooms, but it needs to be fixed up a little. I can do the job myself.

W: OK. Is there enough space for a kitchen garden?

M: There is about half an acre around the house. That’s plenty of space.

W: Then we can grow our own fresh vegetables. And maybe keep a few chickens, couldn’t we?

M: Yes, and we can probably grow a lot of our own food.

W: What are you thinking about growing, if we do take this place?

M: Well, it really isn’t big enough for corn. I thought we might try to raise a crop of potatoes.

W: Potatoes? There are a lot of work.

M: We are used to hard work, aren’t we?

W: Yes, we are, but the money. Do we have enough to get started? It seems like a dream.

M: I think we’ve saved enough. We can pay a little on the farm and maybe put a few dollars down on the tractor, too.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

Q 22:What are the speakers going to do at the time of the conversation?

Q 23:What does the man say about the farm?

Q 24:Why does the man intend to grow potatoes rather than corn on the farm?

参考答案:

22.A) Buy a tractor.

B) Fix a house.

C) See a piece of property.

D) Sign a busines contract.

答案:C

23.A) It is only forty miles from where they live.

B) It is a small one with a two-bedroom house.

C) It was bought at a price lower than expected.

D) It has a large garden with fresh vegetables.

答案:B

24.A) Growing potatoes will involve less labor.

B) Its soil may not be very suitable for corn.

C) It may not be big enough for raising corn.

D) Raising potatoes will be more profitable.

答案:C

25. a) Finances b) Labor c) Equipment d) Profits

答案:A.Finance

四级Passage One

Members of the city council and distinguished guests, it is my privilege to introduce to you today Mr. Robert Washington, chief of our city’s police force. He will address us on the subject of the Community Policing Program. Most of you know that Mr. Washington has a distinguished record as head of our police force for more than ten years. However, you may not know that he also holds a master’s degree in criminology and studied abroad for a year with the international police force which deals with crimes around the world. Mr. Washington first introduced the Community Policing Program 8 years ago. The idea behind the program is to get the police officers out of their cars and into our neighborhoods when they can talk directly to merchants and residents about the real dynamics of our city. These officers do more than make arrests. They try to find ways to help solve the problems that contribute to crime in the first place. Often that means hooking people up with services offered by other city agencies, such as schools, hospitals, housing, drug treatment centers. And the program seems to be working: crime is down and our citizens report that they feel more secure. Today Mr. Washington is going to tell us more about this program. Now let’s welcome Mr. Robert Washington.

26. What is the purpose of the speaker’s remarks?

He will address us on the subject of community policing program.

27. What does the speaker say about Mr. Robert Washington?

Most of you know that Mr. Washington has a distinguished record as head of our police force for more than ten years. However, you may not know that he also holds a master’s degree in criminology and studied abroad for a year with the international police force which deals with crimes around the world. Mr. Washington first introduced the community policing program 8 years ago.

28. What is the idea behind the Community Policing Program?

The idea behind the program is to get the police officers out of their cars and into our neighborhoods when they can talk directly to merchants and residents about the real dynamics of our city.

29. How has the Community Policing Program turned out to be?

And the program seems to be working, crime is down and our citizens report that they feel more secure.

四级篇章2

There are between 3000 and 6000 public languages in the world, and we must add approximately 6 billion private languages since each one of us necessarily has one. Considering these facts, the possibilities for breakdowns in communication seem infinite in number. However, we do communicate successfully from time to time. And we do learn to speak languages. But learning to speak languages seems to be a very mysterious process. For a long time, people thought that we learned a language only by imitation and association. For example, a baby touches a hot pot and starts to cry. The mother says, “Hot, hot!” And the baby, when it stops crying, imitates the mother and says, “Hot, hot!” However, Noam Chomsky, a famous expert in language, pointed out that although children do learn some words by imitation and association, they also combine words to make meaningful sentences in ways that are unique, unlearned and creative. Because young children can make sentences they have never heard before, Chomsky suggested that human infants are born with the ability to learn language. Chomsky meant that underneath all the differences between public and private languages, there is a universal language mechanism that makes it possible for us, as infants, to learn any language in the world. This theory explains the potential that human infants have for learning language. But it does not really explain how children come to use language in particular ways.

Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

Question 30. Why does the speaker say there are great possibilities for communication breakdowns?

There are numerous public and private languages.

Question 31. What is Chomsky’s point on the ability to learn a language?

Human infants are born with the ability to learn language and the potential to learn any language in the world.

Question 32. What does Chomsky’s theory fail to explain according to the speaker?

It does not really explain how children come to use language in particular ways.

参考答案:

26.

A) to introduce the chief of the city’s police force.

B)to comment on a talk by a distinguished guest.

C)to address the issue of community security.

D)to explain the functions of the city council.

27.

A)he has distinguished himself in cith management.

B)he is head of the international police force.

C)he completed his higher education abroad.

D)he holds a master’s degree in criminology.

28.

A)to coordinate work among police departments.

B)to get police officers closer to the local people.

C)to help the residents in times of emergency.

D)to enable the police to take prompt action.

29.

A)popular.

B)discouraging.

C)effective.

D)controversial.

30.

A)people differ greatly in their ability to communicate.

B)there are numerous languages in existence.

C)most public languages are inherently vague.

D)big gaps exist between private and public languages.

31.

A)it is a sign of human intelligence.

B)it improves with constant practice.

C)it is something we are born with.

D)it varies from person to person.

32.

A)how private languages are developed.

B)how different languages are related.

C)how people create their languages.

D)how children learn to use language.

26. A) To introduce the chief of the city' police force.

27. D) He holds a master's degree in criminology.

28. B) To get police officers closer to the local people.

29. C) Effective.

30. B) There are numerous languages in existence.

31. C) It is something we are born with.

32. D) How children learn to use language.

Passage Three

When US spacewoman Joan Higginbotham is not flying and working in space, she might be found somewhere on earth giving a speech. Higginbotham, who grew up in Chicago and became an engineer before joining NASA, that is the National Air and Space Administration, gives about a dozen speeches a year. Each speech is different because she tailors her remarks to each audience. Through interviews and E-mails, she finds out in advance her listeners' educational level and what information they want to know. On the subject of space walks, for example, audiences vary in their interests and how much complexity they can comprehend. To elementary school children, Higginbotham may discuss a problem that many kids want to know about. "How do spacemen in a spacesuit eat, drink, and go to the bathroom?" Her answer is “the spacesuit is really a small spacecraft with room for food and water-containers, and a waste-collection system.” To a high school audience, she might satisfy a curiosity that often arises in her pre-speech interviews with students who obviously have seen many science fiction movies. “Do spacemen carry weapons in case they encounter enemies in space?” Her answer is "No". To scientists, she might provide technical details on such topics as the design of spacesuits that protects spacemen from the deadly temperature extremes of space. Just as elaborate preparation is required for success in space, Higginbotham says that it’s important for speakers to learn as much as possible about their listeners before a speech because every audience is different.

33. What did Joan Higginbotham do before joining in NASA?

34. How does Higginbotham prepare her speech on space walks?

35. What does the high school audience want to know about space travel?

参考答案:

33.

A)she was a tailor.

B)she was an engineer.

C)she was an educator.

She was a public speaker.

34.

A)basing them on science fiction movies.

B)including interesting examples in them.

C)adjusting them to different audiences.

D)focusing on the latest progress in space science.

35.

A)whether spacemen carry weapons.

B)how spacesuits protect spacemen.

C)how nasa trains its spacemen.

D)what spacemen eat and drink.

33. B) She was an engineer.

34. C) Adjusting them to different audiences.

35. A) Whether spacemen carry weapons.

Section C 复合式听写

Crime is increasing worldwide. There is every reason to believe the (36)trend will continue through the next few decades.

Crime rates have always been high in multicultural industrialized societies such as the United States. But a new (37)phenomenon has appeared on the world (38)scene-rapidly rising crime rates in nations that previously reported few (39)offenses. Street crimes such as robbery, rape, (41)murder and auto theft are clearly rising, (41)particularly in eastern European countries such as Hungary and in western European nations such as the United Kingdom.

What is driving this crime (42)explosion? There are no simple answers. Still, there’re certain conditions (43)associated with rising crime. Increasing heterogeneity of populations, greater cultural pluralism, higher immigration, democratization of governments, (44)changing national borders, greater economic growth, and the lack of accepted social ideas of right and wrong.

These conditions are increasing observable around the world. For instance, cultures that were previously isolated and homogeneous(同种类的) such as Japan, Denmark, and Greece (45)are now facing the sort of cultural variety that has been common in America for most of its history.

Multiculturalism can be a rewarding, enriching experience, but it can also lead to a clash of values. Heterogeneity in societies will be the rule in the 21st century, and (46)failure to recognize and plan for such diversity can lead to serious crime problems.

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